Causes of PID:

In the common causes of PID is its transmission from a sexual activity. Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are the most commonly found to be the causes of PID. Sometimes the bacteria can be in the neck of the womb for some time without causing any symptoms. When they pass into the womb you become ill. This is why you might develop PID in weeks or months after having sex with an infected person. Bacteria can also enter your body during a medical procedure such as:

  • Childbirth
  • Endometrial (removing a small piece of your womb lining to test for cancer)
  • Getting an  intrauterine device (IUD)
  • Miscarriage
  • Abortion

There are more chances of developing PID if:

  • You have a sex partner with Gonorrhea or Chlamydia.
  • You have sex with many different people.
  • You have had an STI in the past.
  • You have recently had PID.
  • You have recently gotten an IUD.
  • You have had sex before age 20.

Symptoms of PID

Common symptoms of PID include, fever, pain or tenderness in the pelvis, lower belly, or lower back and discharge of fluid from your vagina that has an unusual color, texture, or smell.
Other symptoms that may occur with PID:

  • Bleeding after intercourse
  • Chills
  • Being very tired
  • Pain when you urinate
  • Having to urinate often
  • Period cramps that hurt more than usual or last longer than usual
  • Unusual bleeding or spotting during your period
  • Not feeling hungry
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Skipping your period
  • Pain when you have intercourse

Exams and Tests

  • Bleeding from your cervix. The cervix is the opening to your uterus.
  • Fluid coming out of your cervix.
  • Pain when your cervix is touched.
  • Tenderness in your uterus, tubes, or ovaries.

You may have lab tests to check for signs of infection:

  • CRP
  • ESR
  • WBC count
  • A swab taken of your vagina or cervix.
  • Pelvic ultrasound or CT scan.
  • Pregnancy test

Risk Factors for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Your risk of pelvic inflammatory disease increases if you have Gonorrhea or Chlamydia. Other factors that can cause pelvic inflammatory disease include:

  • Having abundant sex and being under the age of 25
  • Having sex with more than one person
  • Sexual intercourse without a protection
  • Using an intrauterine device (IUD) to prevent a pregnancy
  • Douching
  • A history of pelvic inflammatory disease